Mechanical Engineer deals with the production and use of mechanical power. He/She designs, operates and uses all kinds of machines and machine tools. He/She likewise designs and builds engines that produce power from steam, gasoline and other sources which he/she tries to develop to augment the sources of power.
- Designs products and systems to meet process requirements, applying knowledge of engineering principles;
- Specifies system components or directs modification of products to ensure conformance with engineering design and performance specification;
- Oversees installation to ensure machines and equipment are installed and functioning according to specification;
- Coordinates building fabrication, and installation of product design and operation, maintenance, and repair activities to utilize machines and equipment;
- Inspects, evaluates, and arranges field installation and recommends design modifications to eliminate machine or system malfunctions;
- Investigates equipment failures and difficulties, diagnoses faulty operations and makes recommendation to maintenance crew;
- Alter or modifies design to obtain specified functional and operational performance;
- Conducts experiments to test and analyze existing design and equipment to obtain data on performance of product, and prepare reports;
- Assists drafter in developing structural design of product, using drafting tools or computer assisted design/drafting equipment and software;
- Tests ability of machines to perform tasks;
- Selects or design tools to meet specification, using manuals, drafting tools, computer and specialized software programs;
- Develops models of alternate processing methods to test feasibility or new applications of system components, and recommends implementation of procedures;
- Confers with establishment personnel and engineers to implement operating procedures and resolve system malfunction, and to provide technical information; and
- Plans and directs engineering personnel in fabrication of test control apparatus and equipment and develops procedures for testing products.
A five-year course leading to a bachelor’s degree in Mechanical Engineering is the minimum requirement. A graduate must also pass the licensure examination given by the Professional Regulation Commission (PRC). Graduate degrees are available and may be taken for advanced jobs, and are usually required for college teaching.
- Strong numerical skills;
- Reading and oral comprehension;
- Analytical skills;
- Deductive reasoning;
- Technology design;
- Computer literate; and
- Solid understanding of key concepts including mechanics, kinematics, thermodynamics and energy.
- Detail-oriented; and
- Able to work as part of a team.
Locally, the monthly basic salary of a mechanical engineer ranges from P14,500 (entry level) to P48,600 per month. In U.S., Mechanical Engineers receive an average monthly salary of $5,142.
Mechanical Engineers who have undergone apprenticeship training through different activities in a power company have the opportunity to assume a supervisory or managerial positions. Those who don’t have the inclination to be managers follow a parallel career by becoming experts or specialists in the long run.
A Massage Therapist is a licensed certified therapist who had undergone extensive training regarding anatomy, physiology, and multitude of massage techniques. He/She manually manipulates soft tissues an muscles to increase the health and wellness of their clients.
- Evaluates a patient to determine what treatment is required;
- Manually manipulates muscles and soft tissues to relieve pain and stress;
- Uses appropriate oils and lotion, hot compresses or vibratory devices as needed to aid the massage technique;
- Consults with other healthcare workers as needed to create a plan of care;
- Records the treatments given and provide assessments of the patient’s progress;
- Maintains a calm and soothing environment that enables the patient to relax.
At least a high school graduate with appropriate training from local or international training institutions and/or associations duly recognized by the proper authorities. Licensure from the Department of Health is also required to practice massage therapy. To qualify for licensure, the person must meet the following basic requirements: (1) at least 18 years of age or has received a high school diploma or graduate equivalency diploma; (2) has completed a course of study at a recognized massage school or has completed an apprenticeship program that meets standards approved by the Board of Massage Therapy; and (3) has received a passing grade on an examination administered by the Department of Health.
- Knowledgeable about anatomy and how the body functions;
- Skilled in various massage techniques; and
- Strong communication skills.
- Healthy and physically fit;
- Able to stand for long periods;
- Strong arms and hands;
- Able to inspire and motivate patients;
- Interested in the health and well-being of others;
- Have a calm and reassuring manner in addressing patient’s problem; and
- Friendly, emphatic personality.
Massage therapists employed in spa and other establishments catering to health and wellness get an average basic salary of P10,000 per month. On the other hand, self employed massage therapists who are highly experienced and with a large client base have higher earnings since they can command higher fees from their clients.
Highly-experienced massage therapists working in spa establishments can be promoted to a supervisory or managerial position after they have demonstrated the skill and competency requirements of the position. Those with entrepreneurial skills may go into their own business as owners of spa establishments. As entrepreneurs, they have the opportunity to expand their client base and increase client fee which means higher earnings and income.
A Mason lays and binds building materials, such as brick, structural tile, concrete block, cinder block, glass block, and terracotta block, with mortar and other substances to construct or repair walls, arches, sewers, and other structures.
- Prepares site or surfaces for concrete or masonry work;
- Reads blueprints, and technical drawings;
- Builds or repairs structures in construction, or manufacturing setting;
- Applies grouting or other masonry adhesives; and
- Lays or installs brick, block, stone, tile, or related masonry material.
Masons get their education and training in various ways – in apprenticeship programs, informally on the job, and in tech/voc training institutions. In general, the more skills needed for the job, the more education and training are needed to qualify. Many entrants of this type of occupation have basic knowledge of masonry. However, most employers prefer to hire high school graduates and those who have undergone apprenticeship program and training under the supervision of TESDA and its accredited training schools.
- Ability to read and interpret blueprints and specifications;
- Good mechanical aptitude;
- Ability to use various hand or power tools used for measuring and extraction work;
- Ability to read and understand complex instructions; and
- Ability to do careful and exacting work; and
- Close attention to details.
- Physically fit;
- Manual dexterity;
- Can work under pressure with less supervision; and
- Able to assess future problem with the construction.
A mason’s entry level salary ranges from P8,000 to P10,000 per month and may even go up to P13,000 per month for those highly-trained and experienced. In the Middle East, where a large number of OFWs are employed, the monthly salary for a Mason ranges from US$700 to US$900.
Career advancement is dependent on pursuing additional training. Some Masons become supervisors for masonry contractors, others go into business themselves and eventually become owners of businesses employing many workers and may spend most of their time as managers rather than as masons. Others move into closely related areas such as construction management and building inspection.
An Interior designer plans interior spaces of almost every type of building, including offices, airport terminals, theaters, shopping malls, restaurants, hotels, schools, hospitals, and private residences. Good design can boost office productivity, increase sales, attract a more affluent clientele, provide a more relaxing hospital stay, or increase a building’s market value.
- Makes and conceptualizes ideas for customers based on their requests;
- Estimates material requirements and the costs of production;
- Makes presentations proposals for clients;
- Meets with clients to determine factors affecting planning interior environments, such as budget, architectural preferences, and purpose and function;
- Advises clients about the choices of colors, furniture, layouts, space planning and other factors on design;
- Selects or designs, and purchase furnishings, art works, and accessories;
- Makes arrangement of carpeting, fixtures, accessories, draperies, paint and wall coverings, art work, furniture, and related items;
- Renders design ideas in form of paste-ups or drawings; and
- Works on a team with Engineers and Architects.
The basic educational requirement is a bachelor’s degree in Interior Design. Practice of profession requires passing the board exam for interior designers given by the Professional Regulation Commission (PRC).
- Knowledge of design techniques, tools, and principles involved in production of precision technical plans, blueprints, drawings, and models;
- Must have knowledge in construction;
- Must have knowledge in mathematics, measuring alignments, square meters, etc.;
- Knowledge of raw materials, production processes, quality control, costs, and other techniques for maximizing spaces for the effective manufacture and distribution of goods; and
- Must have the ability to make good proposals for the client.
- Must have good taste in choosing aesthetics, colors, furniture and other important details in interior designing;
- Have wide knowledge in designs, from modern to different era. Knowledge on world arts;
- Know how to handle pressure and can meet deadlines; and
- Must have good communication skill.
In the Philippines, an interior designer’s fee per project or design ranges from P20,000 to P50,000 and may even go up to P100,000, depending on the complexity and intricateness of the project or design.
Overseas employment such as in Singapore, and Canada, the entry level salary for an interior designer is $2,416 a month.
Entry level Interior Designers can be promoted as the Senior Designer or the Project Coordinator, depending on the performance and experience.
An Industrial Engineer designs, develops, tests, and evaluates integrated systems for managing industrial production processes including human work factors, quality control, inventory control, logistics and material flow, cost analysis, and production coordination.
- Analyzes statistical data and product specifications to determine standards and establish quality and reliability objectives of a finished product;
- Applies statistical methods and performs mathematical calculations to determine manufacturing processes, staff requirements, and production standards;
- Coordinates quality control objectives and activities to resolve production problems, maximize product reliability, and minimize cost;
- Develops manufacturing methods, labor utilization standards, and cost analysis systems to promote efficient staff and facility utilization;
- Directs workers engaged in product measurement, inspection, and testing activities to ensure quality control and reliability;
- Drafts and designs layout of equipment, materials, and workspace to illustrate maximum efficiency using drafting tools and computer;
- Estimates production cost and effect of product design changes for management review, action, and control;
- Evaluates precision and accuracy of production and testing equipment and engineering drawings to formulate corrective action plan; and
- Regulates and alters workflow schedules according to established manufacturing sequences and lead times to expedite production operations.
A B.S. in Industrial Engineer (B.S.I.E.) is required to become an industrial engineer. In some cases, a master’s degree would be required for a higher position as in department head or in management level. Currently, industrial engineering is not a regulated course and does not require a licensure from Philippine Regulation Commission (PRC) in practicing the said profession.
- Creative, inquisitive, analytical and detail oriented;
- Have a good aptitude in math, and physical science;
- Ability to increase production through management of people;
- Knowledgeable in various methods of business organization and technology; and
- Ability to develop management control systems to aid in financial planning and cost analysis, and design production planning and control systems to coordinate activities and ensure product quality.
- Ability to work as part of a team;
- Can communicate well both orally and in writing;
- Capable of independently developing production design, solving problems and making sound decision on management and control.
In the Philippines, an industrial engineer’s entry level salary ranges from P12,000 to P15,000 per month and may even go up to P20,000 per month for those highly-trained and experienced. Overseas such as in the U.S. and Canada, the annual average salary for an industrial engineer is $90,080 or $6,259 per month.
Industrial Engineers may advance to become technical specialists or to supervise a staff or team of engineers and technicians. Some may eventually become engineering managers or enter other managerial or sales jobs. Many industrial engineers move into management positions because the work is closely related to that of a managers.
The HVAC (Heating, Ventilation, Air-Conditioning) Technician is a professional that labors in the field of heating, ventilation, air conditioning service and support. Essentially, the HVAC Technician will be associated with either the installation process for HVAC systems, or focus on the repair and maintenance of systems that are already in place. The HVAC Technician may work as an independent contractor or be employed by a company that specializes in climate control solutions for businesses and residential properties.
- Responsible for making sure the installation is conducted in compliance with local regulations, and that the unit will provide efficient heating and air conditioning for the space
- Maintains and inspects the ductwork installation;
- Uses of acceptable practices, methods, and tools in installing, maintaining and repairing airconditioning and related air handling equipment of large tonnage;
- Troubleshoots/repairs on equipment such as leaks, defects, condensers, compressors and HVAC units; and
- Keeps records and maintains operating file on machine information as needed for proper service and maintenance.
An individual may become a HVAC Technician through study at trade and technical schools, as well as some vocational colleges. Programs generally take two years to complete, and may also include an apprenticeship with a certified HVAC provider. Generally, an apprenticeship may last from two to four years, and may be conducted concurrently with the formal education process. Upon completion of the formal study, additional testing is administered before certification is awarded.
- Knowledgeable in the basic principles of heating and ventilation systems;
- Knowledgeable in the basic parameters of airconditioning systems such as suction superheat, sub cooling, discharge superheat, pressure ratio and approach;
- Basic understanding of microelectronics; and
- Proficient in reading blueprints.
- Physically Fit
- Able to work well with others;
- Detail oriented; and
- Patient and result oriented.
In the Philippines, a HVAC Technician’s salary ranges from P12,000 to P22,000 per month.
In U.S., the average salary per month for an HVAC Technician is $2,852.
Advancement in this career usually takes the form of increased compensation. Apprentice HVAC Technicians normally receive half the compensation of their experienced counterparts. Tenured HVAC technicians may become Crew managers, Service Managers or move into sales or marketing.
Mechanical engineering is one of the broadest engineering disciplines. Mechanical Engineers may be employed in the following industries : Mining and Quarrying; Manufacturing; Electricity, Gas and Water Supply; Construction; Wholesale and Retail Trade, Repair of Motor Vehicles, Motorcycles and Personal and Household Goods; Transport, Storage and Communication; and Other Community, Social and Personal Service Activities.
In a public university, a course in Mechanical Engineering is approximately P3,500 per semester or a total of P35,000 for the entire five year course. In a private institution the total cost may range between P30,000 – P40,000 per semester.
Wage employment for massage therapists can be found in spa; salons; offices of physicians and chiropractors; fitness and recreational sports centers; and hotels. Therapists who have completed formal training programs and have passed the licensure exam are likely to
have very good job opportunities.
The increase in the demand for massage therapists is expected to be sustained as more people learn about the benefits of massage therapy. Likewise, increased interest in alternative medicine and holistic healing will provide jobs for those skilled in massage therapy. Massage therapy’s growing acceptance among medical practitioners will greatly increase employment opportunities as well.
Massage therapy’s growing acceptance among medical practitioners will greatly increase employment opportunities as well. Massage Therapists may work in the following industries: Health and Social Work; Hotels and Restaurants; and Other Community, Social and Personal Service Activities.
Centre de Sante International Wellness Institute, Inc. offers a training for Basic and Advance Massage Therapy Courses. Basic Massage courses are Massage Therapy Course for Beginners, Reflexology Therapy, Deep Tissue Massage, and Shiatsu Therapy Course that will cost P3,000 each for 3 days while the Advance Massage Therapy Courses are Swedish Massage, Reflexology, Deep Tissue Massage and Shiatsu Therapy Course that cost around P4,000 – P4,500 for 1 week.
The demand for masons will be driven by construction and maintenance activities for places having building and repair of walls, arches, sewer, and other structures. Masons may be employed in the following industries: Mining and Quarrying; Construction; Real Estate, Renting and Business Activities; and Other Community, Social and Personal Service Activities.
The training cost for a Mason approximately ranges from P5,000 to P8,000 in technical and vocational institutions.
Interior Designers are in-demand in the Middle East, US and Europe because of the rise in construction and design activities in said countries. These countries have high regard to Interior Designers as well as Architects and Engineers. Interior Designers can work in the following industries: Construction; Hotels and Restaurants; Real Estate, Renting and Business Activities; Education and Other Community, Social and Personal Service Activities.
A four-year course in B.S. in Interior Design normally costs around P35,000 to P45,000 per semester in private schools and universities. However, in public educational institutions that offer the same discipline, tuition fee would cost about 20%-40% less.
Majority of industrial engineers are employed in the manufacturing industry. Related jobs are found in almost all businesses, including aviation, aerospace, transportation, communications, electric, gas and sanitary services, government, finance, insurance, real estate, wholesale and retail trade, construction, mining, agriculture, forestry, and fishing. Also, many work as independent consultants. Industrial Engineers can work in the following industries: Mining and Quarrying; Manufacturing; Electricity, Gas and Water Supply; Construction; Transport, Storage and Communication; Real Estate, Renting and Business Activities; Public Administration and Defense, Compulsory Social Security; and Education.
A four-year course in B.S. in Industrial Engineering (BSIE) normally cost around P30,000 to P40,000 per semester in private schools and universities. However, in public educational institutions that offer the same discipline, tuition fee would cost about 20%-40% less .
Technicians may work for large or small contracting companies or directly for a manufacturer or wholesaler. Those working for smaller operations tend to do both installation and refrigeration equipment. HVAC Technicians can work in the following industries: Manufacturing; Electricity, Gas and Water Supply; Construction; Wholesale and Retail Trade; Hotels and Restaurants; Transport, Storage and Communication; Real Estate, Renting and Business Activities; and Other Community, Social and Personal Service Activities.
The training cost for HVAC technician is approximately P16,000 for 48 hours.
Note: Based on 2010-2011 rates
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